Economic thresholds – Podsucking bugs in mungbean and soybean

Pod sucking bug counts

Green vegetable bugs (GVB) are considered the most important pod sucking bug pest in pulse crops due to their abundance, wide-spread distribution and rate of reproduction. Other species may not always be as abundant, or quite as damaging, but can still cause severe damage when present in large numbers, although spraying before podfill is unlikely to be economically worthwhile.

To determine the damage potential of the field mix of pod sucking bugs found while sampling, a conversion to green vegetable bug equivalents (GVBEQ) allows an assessment of overall potential damage of a mix of bug species compared to the likely damage of GVB.

If no nymphs are present, the adult counts for each species can be converted to GVBEQ by simply multiplying the sample counts by the appropriate conversion factors:

Pod sucking bug species Relative damage conversion factor
Green vegetable bug (GVB): Nezara viridula 1.00
Brown bean bugs (BBB): Riptortus & Melanacanthus sp. 1.00
Redbanded shield bug (RBSB): Piezodorus oceanicus 0.75
Brown shield bug (BSB): Dictyotus caenosus 0.75

If you have nymphs in your fields, a further conversion to green vegetable bug adult equivalents (GVBAEQ) is required, because bug nymphs are less damaging than adults. Remember to take an adequate number of samples to ensure your counts are representative of what is present in the field.

Try your sample numbers in our threshold calculator:

Note: Photos of a range of life stages of these bugs are available at the Podsucking bugs image gallery.